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Results for cup:

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cup
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small bowl-shaped container for drinking from, typically with a handle
cup-and-ring mark
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: cup mark, cup and ring mark
CATEGORY: artifact; lithics
DEFINITION: The commonest form of rock carving in the British Isles, consisting of a cup-like depression surrounded by one or more concentric grooves. Cup-and-ring marks are found on standing stones, singular or in stone circles, and on the slabs of burial cists, as well as on natural rock surfaces. In its classic form most cup-and-ring art belongs in the Bronze Age, but the motif occurs on passage graves, for example in the Clava tombs and on the capstones at Newgrange, where it may show links with similar rock carvings in northwest Spain. They are also found in Ireland and Scotland and can be dated to the Neolithic period of the 4th-3rd millennium BC.
cupellation
CATEGORY: geology
DEFINITION: A process in metallurgy, the separation of gold or silver from impurities by melting the impure metal in a cupel (crucible) and then directing a blast of hot air on it in a special furnace. The impurities, including lead, copper, tin, and other unwanted metals, are oxidized and partly vaporized and partly absorbed into the pores of the cupel. It is used to obtain silver by separating it from the lead with which it is naturally associated in argentiferous lead ores, or to obtain gold from the naturally occurring alloy of argentiferous gold (electrum).
Cupisnique
CATEGORY: culture; artifact
DEFINITION: A style of pottery of the north coast of Peru during the Early Horizon, and a local variant of Chavín culture. It is most often associated with graves and is characteristically a polished gray-black ware with globular bodies, stirrup spouts, and relief decoration. Early Cupisnique tends to be strongly modeled by plastic manipulation of the surface. In later phases, red and black banding, separated by incision and life modeling, especially stylized felines, appear. The style dates from 900-200 BC and gave rise to three other styles: Salinar, Gallinazo, and Vicus.
cupule
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Small cup-shaped marks deliberately pecked out of a rock surface. Their purpose and symbolism is not known, although there are some suggestions that in Scandinavia at least they are female signs. Also known as pits, dots, and cup-marks in rock-art studies.
grape cup
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Type of miniature cup or accessory vessel found in early Bronze Age (Wessex II) graves in southern England. Generally less than 15cm across, grape cups are characterized by having a narrow base, narrow mouth, and an expanded rather bulbous body covered in small applied balls of clay so that they look like a small bunch of grapes.
hunt cup
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A popular style of Roman color-coated beaker with a decorative scene, usually depicting dogs hunting stags or hares, executed in barbotine.
incense cup
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pygmy vessel
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small subsidiary vessel found with Middle Bronze Age burials and placed beside food vessels or urns in southern England. It is found with the skeleton or cinerary urn in the barrows of the Wessex culture, c 1700 BC. The name is an archaeological label only, arising from the holes some of these vessels have through their walls, as their use is actually unknown.
loving cup
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A two-handled cup passed round at banquets
miniature cup
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A generic term for a range of small ceramic vessels accompanying Bronze Age cremation burials in the British Isles during the 2nd millennium BC.
occupation layer
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: living floor
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: A layer in which an original deposit is preserved as it existed when the site was abandoned. The term describes any layer of in situ accumulation of domestic refuse and other debris resulting from occupation of an area of a site by man.
occupation span
CATEGORY: term; chronology
DEFINITION: The time period during which a site is occupied by humans.
occupation surface
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: occupation floor
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: Any surface used for human activities, such as a room floor, a stairway, or a walkway.
palm cup
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Style of Saxon glass vessel in the form of a hemispherical bowl with a wide everted rim. Dated to the period AD 400-700.
pygmy cup
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Small ceramic vessel in a range of shapes, but typically less than 50mm high, found in early Bronze Age burials in northwestern Europe, usually in association with an urn of some kind. Also called incense cups and accessory vessels.
Rillaton
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Rillaton cup
CATEGORY: site; artifact
DEFINITION: A gold cup found in a Wessex culture grave in Cornwall, southwest England, from the Bronze Age. It is one of the finest pieces of Wessex Culture craftsmanship -- made of sheet gold, strengthened with corrugations, and has an S-shaped profile and a single handle. The burial was a stone cist beneath a burial mound. The cup is dated to c 1650-1400 BC.
seasonality of occupation
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: seasonality
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: The exploitation of different environments at different times of the year by the same group of people; an estimate of when during the year a particular archaeological site was occupied. Transhumance is one instance of this practice, where high pastureland is grazed in the summer. There was also exploitation of water resources for fish or water birds; the following of wild herds by hunter-gatherers. The people usually moved back to their original starting place each year.
slashed cup
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Type of miniature cup or accessory vessel found in early Bronze Age (Wessex II) graves in southern England. Generally less than 15cm across, slashed cups are characterized by having a narrow base, narrow mouth, and an expanded body with vertical slots cut in the side
Vapheio
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Vapheio cup
CATEGORY: site; artifact
DEFINITION: The site of a Mycenaean tholos tomb in Laconia, Greece, dated to the 15th century BC and the style of magnificent gold cup found there. The popular shape was straight or slightly splayed walls widening to the rim, and a single handle. The form occurs in pottery from the Middle Minoan period (late 16th-early 15th century BC) on Crete and was important to the Mycenaeans in the Late Helladic period. The two examples are decorated with scenes of bulls. Other rich grave goods were bronze weapons and fine jewelry.

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