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design
CATEGORY: ceramics
DEFINITION: Any shapes, motifs, or symbols added as decoration on a ceramic object.
design structure
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: The layout or arrangement of a design; the way the surface area to be decorated is conceptualized - whether subdivided and bounded - and the arrangement of elements and motifs within that layout
design theory
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: design approach
CATEGORY: term
DEFINITION: The theory that all technology is a compromise between the short-term and long-term costs, utility, and risk of failure of artifacts as they operate within a technological system.
Dissignac
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A Neolithic burial mound in Loire-Atlantique, France, with two passage graves, microliths, Early Neolithic pottery, and a palaeosol with pollen of cultivated cereals dated to c 4000 BC.
Grand Pressigny
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: A complex of flint quarries in Indre-et-Loire, France, whose products were widely traded throughout western Europe in the Late Neolithic and Copper Age. The distinctive caramel-colored flint was exported in the form of blocks and unfinished blanks. The exploitation of Grand Pressigny flint took place c 2800-2400 BC.
landscape signature
CATEGORY: feature
DEFINITION: The material remains of human activities across the landscape.
metrical signs
CATEGORY: language
DEFINITION: A term denoting signs for units of measurement, like $, . It is a subclass of logographic signs."
opus signium
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: A Roman construction technique of crushed brick set in mortar, a kind of waterproof plaster, used to seal walls and floors in bath complexes. The mix was essentially a lime mortar with an aggregate of coarse pieces of broken terra-cotta. This Latin technique term was used by Vitruvius c 30 BC.
pilgrim
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pilgrim's sign, pilgrim badge
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small metal plaque available at the major shrines visited by pilgrims and worn by successful pilgrims as a souvenir and proof of their journey. Amongst the most distinctive are the scallop-shell badges from the shrine of St James in SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELLA.
pilgrim's badge
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: pilgrim's sign, pilgrim badge
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small metal plaque available at the major shrines visited by pilgrims and worn by successful pilgrims as a souvenir and proof of their journey. Amongst the most distinctive are the scallop-shell badges from the shrine of St James in Santiago de Compostella.
research design
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: A carefully formulated and systematic plan for executing archaeological research. Systematic planning of archaeological research, usually including 1) the formulation of a strategy to resolve a particular question; 2) the collection and recording of the evidence; 3) the processing and analysis of these data and its interpretation; and 4) the publication of results. It begins as a statement outlining these four key elements as a blueprint of archaeological research: statement of perspective, synthesis of the existing database, research domains, and relevant research strategy. Research design is carried out to ensure the efficient use of resources and to guide the research according to the scientific method.
sign
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Non-figurative representations found engraved or painted in Palaeolithic parietal art, including tectiforms (hut shapes) and claviforms (club shapes) which may be ethnic markers.
Signal Butte
CATEGORY: site
DEFINITION: Great Plains site in western Nebraska occupied from c 4500 BP until historic times. It is located on a large mesa and played an important role in the initial chronological ordering of the Great Plains. There are lanceolate projectile points resembling the Folsom type in the lowest level. In the second level there are early Late Archaic materials dating c 2000 BC. The third level had a component of the Dismal River Aspect, glass beans, aboriginal artifacts, and traded copper, as well an Upper Republican Aspect component.
signaling station
CATEGORY: structure
DEFINITION: Small forts built at intervals from North Yorkshire to the Wash in Britain, usually on high cliffs and not connected with fortified harbors. Each had a tower about 80 ft high, with sides 40 feet wide and walls 5 feet thick. The tower was surrounded by a wall 6 feet thick and 20 feet away from it, thus forming a courtyard.
signary
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: signs
CATEGORY: language
DEFINITION: The set of signs of all classes in a script, or the set of signs in one of these classes, as in phonetic signary. Signs themselves are representations which are non-figurative.
signature
CATEGORY: technique
DEFINITION: Traces in the archaeological record that can be linked to particular patterns of activity.
significance level
CATEGORY: measure
DEFINITION: The probability of a type I error or willingness to reject a true hypothesis.
significant digits
CATEGORY: measure
DEFINITION: All of the certain digits in a measurement plus the first uncertain one.

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