Archaeology Wordsmith

Results for Scraper:

Australian Core Tool and Scraper Tradition
CATEGORY: culture
DEFINITION: A late Pleistocene and Holocene stone tool industry of mainland Australia and Tasmania with artifacts dating from 30,000 BC (at Lake Mungo). The industry was characterized by high-domed chunky cores (called 'horsehoof cores') and steep-edge flake scrapers. The industry has close parallels in the islands of Southeast Asia.
burin adze
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: non-tula adze, flake scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A term sometimes used by Australian archaeologists for flake scrapers, hafted for woodworking, which are not Tula adzes
burren adze
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: burin adze, non-tula adze, flake scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A term sometimes used by Australian archaeologists for flake scrapers, hafted for woodworking, which are not Tula adzes
domed scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A scraper with a shape or structure resembling a dome
end scraper
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: endscraper, grattoir
CATEGORY: lithics
DEFINITION: A stone tool formed by chipping the end of a flake of stone which can then be used to scrape animal hides and wood. Its steeply angled (acute) working edge was used for flensing or softening hides and to dress skins. It appeared in Europe during the Upper Palaeolithic period. It differed from side scrapers in that it had a rounded retouched end and was often made on a blade. A side scraper had a retouched working edge along the long edge of the flake.
flake scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A scraping implement for making flakes
grattoir
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: end scraper
CATEGORY: lithics
DEFINITION: A flaked stone scraping tool, usually flint, in which the working edge is at the end of the blade or flake and lies across its long axis. It is characteristic of the Upper Paleolithic and was probably used to work wood and clean hides; from the French gratter 'scratch, scrape'.
hide scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A tool made out of bone or stone used for removing the flesh from an animal hide
hollow-scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Blade or flake tool with a notch worked into the side or the end showing signs of being worked.
nosed scraper
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: end scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Narrow blade tool with a convex working edge at one or both ends.
racloir
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: sidescraper
CATEGORY: lithics
DEFINITION: A large scraper that has the retouched working edge along the long edge of the flake. The racloir is one of the most characteristic Mousterian implements and may have served as both knife and (side)scraper.
scraper
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: side scraper, end scraper, sidescraper, endscraper
CATEGORY: lithics
DEFINITION: A retouched flake tool with a thick working edge; a flake tool that has been sharpened on one edge and left blunt on other edges to allow grasping, probably used to scrape (dress) animal hides. It is called a side scraper (racloir) or end scraper (grattoir) depending on the sharpened edge; side scrapers utilize the long side and end scrapers have the scraping facet on one end. Thumbnail" scrapers are very small; some cultures used scrapers as big as a fist. Scrapers were also used in woodworking and in shaping bone or ivory. Other types were snub-nosed round / horseshoe. Side scrapers are typical of the Middle Palaeolithic while end scrapers are typical of the later Palaeolithic."
side scraper
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: sidescraper, scraper, racloir
CATEGORY: lithics
DEFINITION: A retouched flake tool with a thick working edge; a flake tool that has been sharpened on one edge and left blunt on other edges to allow grasping, probably used to scrape (dress) animal hides and for working hard materials. It is called a side scraper (racloir) because its sharpened edge is the long side.
strangulated blade scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: Long blade tool with a retouched notch on one or both sides. Possibly used as a wood-working tool like a modern spokeshave. Characteristic of the AURIGNACIAN.
thumbnail scraper
CATEGORY: artifact
DEFINITION: A small convex scraper the size and shape of a thumbnail, found in both Pleistocene and Holocene contexts in Australia. Finely worked examples are part of the Australian Small Tool Tradition. Increasingly reported from Pleistocene sites and distinctive feature of southwestern Tasmanian Pleistocene and Victoria assemblages from about 24,000 years ago.

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